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亚游娱乐场客户端|词语辨析prefer,persuade,schedule
2020-01-11 19:15:31   来源:未知   评论:674 点击:674

prefer[寓词于境]阅读下列句子,注意prefer的意思和搭配。[自我归纳] 观察以上例句,总结prefer的用法。[拓展] persuade与advise的辨析:persuade强调劝说成功;advise建议某人去做某事,但不一定成功;try to persuade相当于advise。另外, be scheduled for意为“定在某一天进行”; behind schedule误了进度。

亚游娱乐场客户端|词语辨析prefer,persuade,schedule

亚游娱乐场客户端,prefer

[寓词于境]阅读下列句子,注意prefer的意思和搭配。

1. she seems to prefer dogs to cats.

2. my sister prefers staying at home watching tv to going to the cinema to see a film.

3. i prefer to play outdoors rather than play computer games in the room.

4. they preferred their son to go to college.

5. would you prefer that he (should) go with you?

[自我归纳] 观察以上例句,总结prefer的用法。

a. prefer sth. to sth.

b. prefer doing to doing

c. prefer ______ rather than ______

d. prefer sb. to do

e. prefer that sb. ______从句中的______可以省略

f. prefer的过去式是______

[即学即练] 用prefer的适当形式翻译下列句子。

1. 与咖啡比我更喜欢茶。

2. 我父亲宁愿走路去上班而不乘坐公交车。

3. 她宁愿没有人来看她。

persuade

[寓词于境] 阅读下列句子,注意persuade的意思和搭配。

1. he didn’t agree with us at first, but in the end we persuaded him to carry out the plan.

2. alice trusts you. only you can persuade her into giving up the foolish idea.

3. they persuaded her out of the foolish idea.

4. how can i persuade him that i am grateful to him?

[自我归纳]persuade的常见搭配是:persuade sb. ______ / ______ sth.,意为“说服某人做某事”;persuade sb. ______ sth. 意为“说服某人放弃某事”; persuade sb. + that引导的从句,意思是“使某人相信……”。

[拓展] persuade与advise的辨析:

persuade强调劝说成功;advise建议某人去做某事,但不一定成功;try to persuade相当于advise。如:

i tried to persuade / advised my father to give up smoking, but failed.

[即学即练] 翻译下列句子。

1. 他被说服和我们一起去上海。

2. 尽管我们劝他不要喝酒, 他还是喝了不少。

schedule

[寓词于境]阅读下列句子,注意schedule的词性和搭配。

1. the train arrived on schedule.

2. we should do the work according to schedule.

3. the president is scheduled to make a speech tomorrow.

[自我归纳]a. schedule作______词(句1、句2),意为“时间表,进度表”; on schedule与on time同义,according to schedule的意思是as planned。

b. schedule可用于固定结构______ (句3),意为“定于……做某事”。

另外, be scheduled for意为“定在某一天进行”; behind schedule误了进度。

[即学即练] 根据括号内的提示完成下列句子。

1. the builders were lazy and failed to finish the boat ______ (按进度表).

2. the meeting ______ (被安排在) for friday afternoon.

3. the tunnel project has already ______ (误了进度).

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答案

prefer

[用法总结] c. to do; do e. should do; should f. preferred

[即学即练]

1. i prefer tea to coffee.

2. my father prefers to walk to work rather than take a bus.

3. she preferred that nobody should come to see her.

persuade

[自我归纳] to do; into doing; out of

[即学即练]

1. he was persuaded to go to shanghai with us.

2. although we advised / tried to persuade him not to drink wine, he still drank a lot.

schedule

[自我归纳]

a. 名 b. be scheduled to do sth.

[即学即练]

1. on schedule 2. is scheduled

3. behind schedule

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